On 20 February 2014, Indian Parliament passed the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill to create the 29th State of Telengana. It was once part of Hyderabad State (Medak and Warangal divisions) which was ruled by the Nizams. The Musi, Manjira, Krishna and Godavari rivers flow through the region from west to east. Hyderabad, Warangal, Nizamabad and Karimnagar are Telangana’s four largest cities.
On 1 November 1956, on the basis of Agreement called Gentlemen Agreement, the Telugu-speaking areas of the former Hyderabad State, also known as Telangana were merged with the Andhra State to form the State of Andhra Pradesh. However, the people of Telengana region were never happy with the merger and there were several movements to invalidate the merger to form two States.
Telangana is bordered by the States of Maharashtra to the north and north-west, Karnataka to the west, Chhattisgarh to the north-east and Odisha to the east. The Telangana region has an area of 114,840 square kilometres and a population of 35,286,757 (2011 census) which was 41.6% of the population of Andhra Pradesh.
“Lack of development” was one of the many props used to support the demand for a separate state. Telangana agitators allege that they were made to walk the plank by the Andhra Pradesh government.
The numbers story: Telangana fares better than Seemandhra in development
We used the parameters health, literacy, electricity, roads, and funds utilised by MPs from the Local Area Development scheme. The health indicator refers to children who are fully immunized when they are aged between 9-11 months. Roads indicate rural areas connected to cities by pucca roads. Hence, urban areas like Hyderabad and Secunderabad registered null under Roads.
There are 42 parliamentary constituencies in Andhra Pradesh. 17 are in Telangana and 25 in Seemandhra. A MP elected between 2009-13 can spend Rs 19 crore in his/her five-year term. Under the MPLAD scheme, a MP can spend Rs 2 crore per year but this was raised to Rs 5 crore in 2011. The MPLADS figures used for this story are until November 30.
We divided the state into two regions, Telangana and Seemandhra, to see how they fared in the last five years.
Telangana parliamentary constituencies
The highlighted constituencies, Mahabubnagar and Medak, are represented by MPs from the Telangana Rashtra Samithi party. As you can see only 65% of the funds from MPLADS was used in Mahabubnagar by the TRS party president K. Chandrasekhar Rao. And former film actress Vijayashanti represents Medak. The literacy rate is the second lowest in Medak in the Telangana Region.
Seemandhra parliamentary constituencies
Vijayawada, which could be developed as the next capital for Seemandhra, pales in comparison with Hyderabad.
Averages of all constituencies in Telangana
The averages of all the development parameters used in this study have been divided into two categories. First category: Telangana with Hyderabad. Second category: Telangana without Hyderabad, meaning we have left out Hyderabad, Secunderabad and Malkajgiri from the constituencies list.
Averages of all constituencies in Seemandhra
The averages of all the constituencies in Seemandhra, which have been divided into Seemandhra with the state capital and Seemandhra without the state capital.
Development: Seemandhra vs Telangana